Congress Kicks the Can

Congress Kicks the Can


WEEK ENDING 9/29/2023

  • Government shutdown postponed until November 17.
  • Will September PCE give Fed a reason to pause?
  • September Muni yield backup led to underperformance; current yield attractive.



On Saturday, President Biden signed a bipartisan spending bill passed by Congress. This funding allows the government to operate until November 17. Congress still has a lot of work to do with regards to the budget. They must pass a yearlong spending bill which includes debt limit discussions. The next priority, however, is an attempt by Rep. Matt Gaetz and other extreme Republicans to remove Speaker Kevin McCarthy.

Moving on to the markets, Friday saw the release of a softer than expected PCE.

In August, PCE rose 0.4% month over month while Core PCE rose by 0.1%. This brings the PCE Index YoY to 3.5% and Core PCE Index YoY to 3.9%. We could see Core PCE (the Fed's favorite inflation measure) undershoot the median projection from the September's Summary of Economic Projections (SEP) which is at 3.7% for year-end core inflation.

Remember, current inflation is higher than the Fed's 2% target. The Fed is going to look for sustained low monthly Core inflation. Trends still support one last rate hike by year’s end, keeping rates high well into 2024.

In September 2023, Bloomberg’s IG Muni index produced a negative monthly total return of -2.93%, marking the lowest monthly return since September of last year (-3.8%) and bringing the 2023 YTD return down to -1.38%. The last two weeks of September saw a massive backup in Muni rates. 10-year municipal yields have surged about 30 basis points according to Bloomberg. We think that municipal yields look attractive now and we advise investors to stay the course and opportunistically add to their municipal allocation.



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Treasury yields were higher on the week. Fear of the Fed’s higher-for-longer policy continues to influence the move to higher yields. The Treasury’s demand for credit (bond issuance) and the potential government shutdown undoubtedly brings into question our ability to govern ourselves. The spread between the 2-year and 10-year Treasury securities was -0.47%, a big move from last week's -0.69%. The yield curve steepened. This could mean recessionary fears are receding and/or possibly long-term inflation fears are rising.

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The municipal bond market yields moved higher on the week as well. In addition to the fears engulfing the Treasury market, the municipal bond market has to deal with rising new issuance supply ($8 billion+ next week) and outflows from municipal bond mutual funds (-$17 billion+ YTD).

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The municipal/Treasury ratios cheapen across the board, as the municipal market adjusts to the unique challenges it faces.

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Corporate yields moved higher last week.



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After the passage of the temporary spending bill, the biggest headline in Washington is the possible removal of House Speaker Kevin McCarthy. Leading the charge to remove McCarthy is Rep. Matt Gaetz (R–FL). Gaetz would need wider support to boot out McCarthy, who currently has help from the Democrats. If Gaetz fails in his attempt, it would reveal that he and his base are marginal in the Republican party. In any case, we will see another round of Republican brinkmanship.

Polarization in politics almost cost us a government shutdown. For now, however, the can has been kicked down the road to November.



The 5-year Break-even Inflation Rate finished the week at 2.48%, three basis points higher than the September 22 close of 2.45%. The 10-year Break-even Inflation Rate finished the week at 2.35%, two basis points lower than the September 22 close.

We wrote about this topic last week and think it bears repeating. This will be the last week we include it.

Is the 5-year Break-even inflation rate worth anything?

We have noted the difference between this measure and Core PCE for some time. The 5-year Breakeven Inflation Rate is the market’s current estimate of the average inflation rate for the next five years. We took some time to look at this measure for the periods from 2/16/2016 through 8/31/2018. This is a small sample, but it is all we have. The average difference between this measure and the 5-year average Core PCE measure is 0.23%. The maximum difference is 0.76%. And the minimum difference is -0.28%. The standard deviation of this analysis is 0.32%.

Our analysis is the sample size is too small to judge, but the 5-year Breakeven Inflation Rate’s value as an inflation forecast (unless used for hedging calculations) is suspect.



10-year quality spreads (AAA vs. BBB) as of September 30 was 1.26%, five basis points higher from the September 22 reading of 1.21% (based on our calculations). The long-term average is 1.71%. By our way of thinking, we still think lower-quality securities are not attractive. Municipal market credit spreads usually take a little more to adjust, given a significant baseline market revaluation.

Quality spreads in the taxable market are not attractive but were wider last week, ending the week at 0.90%.



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Money funds, in total, saw positive cash flows across two of the three subcategories last week.

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Bond mutual funds' cash flows were mixed.

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ETF flows were positive last week.



This week’s supply estimates are slated for somewhere around $8 billion+.



The country needs a yearlong spending bill. A government shutdown has been averted until November 17 while Speaker McCarthy's future as leader is uncertain.

Softer Core PCE shows the Federal Reserve is making progress against its fight against inflation. Massive yield backup in municipal rates have led to market underperformance. But we urge investors to stay the course and opportunistically add to their municipal allocation.


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